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1 samuel 20 commentary

Wed / Dec / 2020

"Tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at the table with the king" (1 Samuel 20:5). Man proposes, but God disposes. Why should my father hide this thing from me? A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. He is the remarkably brave man of faith who initiated a one-man war against the Philistines. The problem David mentioned here was simply that of how the result of the proposed test of Saul's attitude could be communicated to David when Saul got back in town. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18 (Read 1 Samuel 1:9-18) Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. (1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul’s intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. In those days when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. c. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD: Jonathan knew he might never see David again. (1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul’s intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. 6, and thence returned to the field, when the occasion required; else we must charge him with a downright lie, which ought not to be imagined (without any apparent cause) concerning so good a man.” (Poole). 2. He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. ", "If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the Lord, that I may not die", "Go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand", "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman", "Neither you nor your kingdom shall be established", "David rose from ... the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Chapter 20 begins with the young general David leaving the prophet Samuel presence and finds his great friend Jonathan. Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, `The Lord shall be between me and you, and between my descendants and your descendants, forever.'" : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. And as soon as the lad had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed three times; and they kissed one another and wept with one another, until David recovered himself. You can check these in your browser security settings. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. What is my sin?" And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, , ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows. Jonathan knew that God was really for Saul because God offered Saul opportunities for repentance. Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-20.html. But the lad did not know anything. Yet David left for a good reason: He wanted to know if Saul’s heart had changed, and if there was still a chance to reconcile with Saul. 1 Samuel 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? Is not the arrow beyond you: It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan again. "On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). Finding the new version too difficult to understand? . i. And. 3. This addition is a further suggestion that Samuel is dedicated to God under a nazirite vow (Nm 6:4–5); see note on v. 22 . c. Far be it from you: With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. David was an honored member of the king's court and, at this point in time, he had not been formally expelled. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. But Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; so Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death. 21 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. "Then David fled from Nairoth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, "What have I done? 1. You shall not die. David's falling upon his face and his repeated bowing down before Jonathan were David's way of extending his thanks and honor to Jonathan for saving his life. And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … 19 And it was told Saul, “ Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. All such "difficulties" in the acceptance of this chapter are due to the failure of writers to understand the situation. The second point may be more interesting than relevant. i. "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman" (1 Samuel 20:30) This vile slur cast upon Jonathan was the ancient equivalent of the vulgar present-day insult, "You son-of-a-bitch." Jonathan’s response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2. He came asking Jonathan what great sin has he committed that has made Saul so upset with him. "[10], "So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?” So Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. "[9], DAVID AND JONATHAN REAFFIRM THEIR COVENANT, "And Jonathan said to David, "The Lord, the God of Israel, be witness! David wondered if Saul would take the opportunity to reconcile or take the opportunity to kill him. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. Jonathan also assured David of his protection by warning David of Saul’s intentions. "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted … But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. d. So he arose and departed: David will not return to “normal life” until Saul is dead, and David is king. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if David was to be set in such a great position of authority, David must learn to submit to God’s authority, even if it were through a man like Saul. 1 Samuel 1:22 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls always. The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul: Jonathan, the son of Saul, appeared before in 1 Samuel 14. Commentary, 1 Samuel 1:4-20, Karla Suomaia, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you, : Jonathan continued to reassure David, bringing encouragement and an offer of help to a discouraged man. The birth of Samuel takes place during the time of anarchy reflected Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem; he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. David wondered if Saul would take the opportunity to reconcile or take the opportunity to kill him. "While Saul lay bound by his trance at Nairoth, David, escaped to the court and got to speak with Jonathan."[4]. These are days when to stand up for anything more than mere conventional religion must cost something; and for this reason let us never flinch.” (Meyer). Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? "Commentary on 1 Samuel 20:4". Jonathan’s second bold deed of arms ( 1 Samuel 14:1-15) is, in contrast with Saul’s failure to stand the trial of faith, an example of victorious heroic faith, which consists in unconditional but humble reliance on the almighty help of the Lord (“perhaps the Lord will, etc.,” 1 Samuel … 25. the king sat upon his seat, as at other times... by the wall --The left-hand corner at the upper end of a room was and still is in the East, the most honorable place. Jonathan would take target practice and where he shot the arrows would tell David the answer. Jonathan simply could not believe that his father was trying to kill David after that solemn oath which the king had sworn that David should not die (1 Samuel 19:6). David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). Jonathan exacted from David a solemn oath that, "after Jonathan's death," and after David's coming to the throne, that David would remember the house of Jonathan with kindness. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if David would be safe now and promoted to king later, David must learn to let God be his defense and his promoter. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. Then Jonathan said to David: “The LORD God of Israel is witness! Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. "[5] This is totally in error. Jonathan had the answer; and made an immediate response. Commentary on 1 Samuel 20:35-42 (Read 1 Samuel 20:35-42) The separation of two such faithful friends was grievous to both, but David's case was the more deplorable, for David was leaving all his comforts, even those of God's sanctuary. : This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. a. I will shoot three arrows: After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. And why should my father hide this thing from me? And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.”. "Come let us go out into the field. (1 Samuel 20:10). Browse Sermons on 1 Samuel 1:1-20. . ” 20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David, and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, h the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, i and they also prophesied. David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. According to the Jewish Study Bible, verses 20 and 28 contain the only two references in the Old Testament of a woman loving a man. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10 View Bible Text The title for this narrative lectionary is apt: from a place of deep sadness Hannah prays to God, vowing that if God will give her a son, she will dedicate that son to God. (18-23) Jonathan proposes a signal to inform David of Saul’s reaction. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied.... Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered to help. pp. What has he done?” Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. And David said to Jonathan, “Indeed tomorrow, the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. "He (David) fled from Nairoth" (1 Samuel 20:1). "[12] Second Samuel has this statement from the prophet Nathan in his rebuke of David for his adultery with Bathsheba and his murder of her husband: "Neither you nor your kingdom shall be established" (1 Samuel 20:31). David was the son-in-law of King Saul, having recently married his daughter Michal. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry, : It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan. What is my guilt? i. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came to his master. A throne is God’s purpose for you; a cross is God’s path for you; faith is God’s plan for you.” (Redpath), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. And may the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies." Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. Michal Helps David Escape (1 Samuel 19) Say: Saul would not give up trying to kill David. When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked, of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for, a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘. 1. : David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. "[8], This trip of David to Saul's court in Gibeah was exceedingly dangerous; but in the circumstances it was absolutely necessary. In those days when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. : Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). He would no longer be welcome at the palace.

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